The history of our flags - Palestine

Palestine

The first use of an early Palestinian flag was by the Arab Higher Committee during the Great Palestinian Revolt from 1936-1939. This committee was made up of multiple local Arab Palestinian leaders with the goal of ending British control over Palestine who were enabling the creation of a Jewish state for the Zionist movement and thus allowing for Palestinians to seek independence and self-control. This was during a period known as the British Mandate of Palestine.

 

The flag displays a cross and a crescent to represent the religions most Arab Palestinians followed. 
Following the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, control of the West Bank belonged to Jordan while the Gaza Strip was under Egypt. 
There was a failed attempt to establish a Protectorate over the Gaza Strip from 1948-1959 which would be known as the All-Palestine Protectorate. It was supposed to run out of Gaza City but became a government in exile from 1949-1959 in Cairo, Egypt.
It was only recognised by a handful of states and never was able to establish self-governance. 
The flag for the All-Palestine Protectorate was the same as the Pan-Arab flag used in the Great Arab Revolt of the First World War.

 

In 1955 another flag was used to represent Palestine in the Arab League. It has the word Palestine in red on a white background, which would symbolise the bloody state of Palestine



In 1964, the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) whose purpose was to liberate Palestine through armed struggle adopted this version of the flag, with the green and white of the Pan-Arab flag switched. 


 


In 2006 the flag was changed to its modern design with the triangle going ⅓ of the position of the flag rather than ¼ .


Interesting Side Note: 

During the 1920s there were multiple proposals for the future flag of Palestine which had an emphasis on the Jaffa Orange, a type of orange developed and cultivated by Palestinian farmers in the 19th century.



Another of the designs emphasised the union between Muslim and Christian Palestinians with their goal of their own independent Palestinian State.